What is Bankruptcy?

14 December, 2016 | Duncan Lang

Bankruptcy is a legal status for people who cannot repay their debts as they become due. If a person is declared Bankrupt it means that ordinarily the Bankrupt person’s creditors are unable to collect debts from the Bankrupt person once the Bankrupt person has been discharged. However, there are some debts that bankruptcy does not cover.

Fraudulent debt

There are some debts that a bankrupt is not released from in the bankruptcy process. If your debt was incurred fraudulently you will remain liable to repay the debt after your discharge.
If a person obtained a:

  • debt or liability by fraud or fraudulent breach of trust (e.g. obtained a benefit from Work and Income that they knew they were not entitled to); or
  • a debt is payable by way of a Maintenance Order or Child Support;

The Bankrupt person will remain liable to pay the debt and it will not be discharged by the insolvency procedure.

There are debts that a Bankrupt Person must continue to pay during bankruptcy, such as:

  • Child support and maintenance;
  • Court fines and reparation;
  • Debt incurred after bankruptcy;
  • Secured creditors & debt.

Debts incurred by means of fraud are not extinguished or wiped upon discharge from insolvency.

If you are unsure if a debt you owe is fraudulent or you would like some advice in relation to debt collection, bankruptcy or insolvency,  please contact litigation executive, Mikayla Sagar by email on Mikayla.sagar@smithpartners.co.nz or by phoning 09 837 6890 to schedule an appointment with experienced solicitor, Duncan Lang. 

Do you need assistance with bankruptcy proceedings as a debtor or creditor?

Get your bankruptcy issues sorted today – contact our bankruptcy law expert, Alana Kalinowski to set up an appointment.

email Duncan
+64 9 837 6834

About the author

Duncan is a skilled litigation & dispute resolution lawyer working in our civil litigation team. He focuses on property disputes, contract disputes and debt collection, including liquidation and bankruptcy proceedings. With a background in property law, Duncan has the benefit
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